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"Dragon Boat Festival"


2020-06-09 16:08

The term "Dragon Boat Festival" first appeared in the "Records of the Wind and Earth" of the Western Jin Dynasty: "The midsummer Dragon Boat Festival is called the fifth day of May, and the custom attaches importance to this day, which is the same as the summer solstice." In ancient Chinese, the word "Duanwu" has the meaning of beginning and beginning, and is also called "Duanwu", which is also known as "the fifth day of the first day.". "Shuowen Jiezi": "Duan is the topic of the birth of things, which means that Duan is the beginning. Therefore, the fifth day of the fifth month of the fifth month is called the" Duan Wujie ". "Suishi Guangji" said, "The dust people in the capital city take the first day of May as the end one, and the second day of May as the end two. The number to five is called the end five." The ancients used to refer to the first few days of May as the end. Therefore, the first noon day of the fifth (noon) month is called the Dragon Boat Festival.
The Dragon Boat Festival is a mixture of various folk customs such as avoiding evil spirits and preventing epidemics. Therefore, it is believed in later generations that the Dragon Boat Festival originated from the festival established by the ancients to "avoid evil spirits and prevent epidemics.". Chinese culture has a long history, is broad and profound, and ancient festivals are an important carrier of traditional culture. The formation of ancient festivals contains profound and rich cultural connotations. Ancient festivals attach importance to the belief in ancestors' gods and sacrificial activities. The belief in ancestors' gods is the core of ancient traditional festivals, and it is not necessary to choose a day to avoid evil spirits and prevent epidemics that has become a popular folk festival throughout the ages; The Dragon Boat Festival originated from the ancient saying of "avoiding evil spirits and preventing epidemics", and is a misunderstanding of the cultural connotation of ancient festivals in later generations. Worshipping ancestors not only covers all ancient traditional festivals in China, but also is the eternal theme of Chinese folk festivals. Regarding the blessing words of the Dragon Boat Festival, most folklore experts believe that it was after the Dragon Boat Festival that legendary historical figures were commemorated and attached to the festival, giving it other meanings, but these meanings are only part of the Dragon Boat Festival. Many ancient poems depict the festive atmosphere of the Dragon Boat Festival. Since ancient times, the Dragon Boat Festival has been a festive day for eating rice dumplings and braising dragon boats. The lively dragon boat performances and joyful food banquets during the ancient Dragon Boat Festival are all manifestations of celebrating the festival, and the joy of the Dragon Boat Festival is the tradition. Dragon Boat Festival is a good day. According to the "Chronicle of the Age of Jingchu", as the mountain climbs in midsummer, the Shunyang is on top, and May is midsummer. Its first noon day is the day when the mountain climbs and the Shunyang weather is good.
Among traditional festivals, there are many and complex folk customs, or only the Dragon Boat Festival and the Spring Festival can be compared. Both festivals have ritual and custom themes such as praying for blessings and eliminating disasters, which express people's desire to welcome good fortune, ward off evil spirits, and eliminate disasters. During the historical development and evolution, the Dragon Boat Festival has mixed various folk customs into one. There are many customs of the Dragon Boat Festival, which are diverse in form, rich in content, and lively and festive. There are differences in the content or details of customs across the country due to regional and cultural differences. The customs of Dragon Boat Festival mainly include picking dragon boats, offering sacrifices to dragons, collecting herbs, hanging wormwood and calamus, worshiping gods and ancestors, washing herbs and potions, beating midday water, soaking dragon boat water, eating zongzi, placing paper kites, watching dragon boats, tying five-color silk threads, fuming atractylodes, wearing sachets, and so on. Dragon Boat Picking is very popular in the coastal areas of southern China, and after being spread abroad, it has been deeply loved by people of various countries and has formed an international competition. The custom of eating zongzi on the Dragon Boat Festival has been prevalent throughout China since ancient times, and has become one of the most influential and widely covered folk dietary customs of the Chinese nation. During the Dragon Boat Festival, traditional folk activities and performances can not only enrich the spiritual and cultural life of the masses, but also well inherit and promote traditional culture. The Dragon Boat Festival culture, as an important component of traditional Chinese culture, reflects the long history, broad and profound nature of Chinese culture. The Dragon Boat Festival culture has a wide impact in the world, and some countries and regions around the world also have activities to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival.

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